WILFRID, Bishop of York, b. in
Northumbria, 634; d. at York, Oct. 12, 709. He was educated in the monastery of
Lindisfarne, but having found out that the way to virtue taught by the Scotch
monks was not the perfect one, he set out for Rome, where he arrived in 654.
After his return from Rome, he was, by King Aswy of Northumbria, appointed
tutor to his son Alchfred, 664; and having, at the synod of Streneshale (Whitby
in Yorkshire), persuaded the king and the clergy that the Roman computation of
Easter, and the Roman shape of time tonsure, were the only right ones, he
received the episcopal see of York as a reward (665), and held it for forty
years. He was one of the most prominent champions of the Church of Rome in
England. Several times he was deposed or expelled from his see by the kings;
and each time he repaired to Rome, where he was sure to find support. On one of
his journeys to Rome he suffered shipwreck on the Frisian coast, and began that
missionary work among them which afterwards was so successfully continued by
Wilbrord. See HEDDIUS: Vita Wilfridi; and BEDE: Hist. Eccl., i., iii-v.
Theodor Christlieb, "Wilfred," Philip Schaff,
ed., A Religious Encyclopaedia or Dictionary of Biblical, Historical,
Doctrinal, and Practical Theology, 3rd edn, Vol. 4. Toronto, New York &
London: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1894. p.2522.
Stephanus of Ripon, The Historian of the Church of Rome and its
Archbishops, 1. J. Raine, ed. Rolls Series, 1879.
Bright, Chapters in English Church History. Oxford: Clarendon Press,
1878. pp.187-200, 209-11, 280-308, 367-416, 432. pdf [This material is in the Public Domain]
||George Forrest Browne [1833-1930], Theodore and Wilfrith.Lectures Delivered in St. Paul's in December 1896 . London: SPCK, 1897. pdf [This material is in the Public Domain]
Shipley Duckett, Anglo-Saxon Saints and Scholars. Shoe-String Press,
1983. Hbk. ISBN: 0208002006. pp.101-214.
Trent Foley, Images of Sanctity in Eddius Stephanus' Life of Bishop
Wilfred. Lewiston, Queenston and Lampeter: Edwin Mellen Press, 1992. Pbk.
ISBN: 0773495134. pp.195.
Kirby, ed. Saint Wilfred at Hexham. Newcastle Upon Tyne: Oriel Press,
1974. Hbk. ISBN: 0853621551. pp.207.
"Bede, Eddius Stephanus and the 'Life of Wilfred'," English Historical
Review 98 (1983): 101-14.
Mayr-Harting, "St. Wilfred in Sussex," M.J. Kitch, ed. Studies in Sussex
Church History (1981): 1-17.
||Henry Mayr-Harting, The Coming of
Christianity in Anglo-Saxon England, 3rd edn. Penn State University Press,
1991. Pbk. ISBN: 0271007699. pp.129-47.
||Frank M. Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England.
The Oxford History of England, 2, 3rd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press,
2001. Pbk. ISBN: 0192801392. pp.123, 132-45.
||Benjamin W. Wells,
"Eddi's Life of Wilfred," English Historical Review 6 (1891): 535-550. pdf [This material is in the Public Domain]