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Augustine of Canterbury (d. between 604-609)

Synopsis

AUGUSTINE, or AUSTIN, St., the first Archbishop of Canterbury: nothing is known of his early life. In 596, when he was the abbot of the monastery of St. Andrew at Rome, Gregory the Great (590-604), who for many years had taken deep interest in the English, sent him at the head of forty of his monks to England to convert the Anglo-Saxons. They met so many obstacles on their way to the coast, that they returned, and asked to be excused. But Gregory sent them again; and at last they landed at Ebbe’s Fleet, on the Isle of Thanet. Ethelbert, the Saxon king, had married a Christian, Bertha, & daughter of Charibert, King of Paris, twenty years before; and thus the way was providentially opened. Ethelbert was baptized (507), and his tribe was Christianized. Augustine went to Aries, whose metropolitan consecrated him the first Archbishop of Canterbury. A deputation he sent to tell Gregory the good news returned laden with presents, and bearing the pallium, which made Augustine independent of the bishops of France. Gregory’s dream of converting the entire island to the Roman Church was not realized., The British bishops of Cornwall and Wales refused to obey the Roman bishop. But, though unsuccessful in a measure, much had been accomplished when, May 26, 601, Augustine died. He was afterwards canonized on the ground of a reputed miracle, — curing a Saxon of his blind-ness.

Philip Schaff, ed., A Religious Encyclopaedia or Dictionary of Biblical, Historical, Doctrinal, and Practical Theology, 3rd edn, Vol. 1. Toronto, New York & London: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1894. pp.172-173

Primary Sources

Book or monograph Arthur West Hadden & William Stubbs, eds. Councils and Ecclesiastical Documents Relating to Great Britain and Ireland, 1871. Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1964. pp.3-60.
Book or monograph Arthur James Mason, ed. The Mission of Augustine to the English According to the Original Documents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1897. pp. xix + 252.

Secondary Sources

Book or monograph Nicholas Brooks, The Early History of the Church at Canterbury, new edn. Continuum International Publishing Group - Leicester University Press, 1996. ISBN: 0718500415. pp.417. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource The Mission of St. Augustine of Canterbury to the English (A.D. 597-604) (Dr. Ghazwan Butrous)
On-line Resource St. Augustine of Canterbury (Cornelius Clifford)
Article in Journal or Book Margaret Deanesly & Paul Grosjean, "The Canterbury Edition of the Answers of Pope Gregory I to St. Augustine," Journal of Ecclesiastical History 10 (1959): 1-49.
Book or monograph Deanesley: Augustine of CanterburyMargaret Deanesley, Augustine of Canterbury. Saint Austin Press, 1997. Pbk. ISBN: 1901157253. pp.175. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Richard Gameson, Saint Augustine of Canterbury. Canterbury Sources, 1998. Pbk. ISBN: 0950139211. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Gameson: St Augustine and the Conversion of EnglandRichard Gameson, ed. St Augustine and the Conversion of England. Sutton Publishing, 1999. Hbk. ISBN: 0750920874. pp.288. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource George Frederick Maclear [1833-1902], A History of Christian Missions During the Middle Ages. Cambridge & London: MacMillan & Co, 1863. Hbk. pp.466. [This material is in the Public Domain]
Book or monograph P. Meyvaert, "Bede's text of the Libellus Responsionum of Gregory the Great and Augustine of Canterbury," P. Clemoes & K. Hugyhes, eds. England Before the Conquest: Studies in Primary Sources Presented to Dorothy Whitelock. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971. ISBN: 0521081912. pp.418. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Thomas Smith, Medieval Missions. Duff Missionary Lectures - First Series. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1880. Hbk. pp.279. View in PDF format pdf [This material is in the Public Domain]
Book or monograph Stenton: Anglo-Saxon EnglandFrank M. Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England, 3rd edn. Oxford History of England, 2. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Pbk. ISBN: 0192801392. pp.102-13. {Amazon.com}

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