Third Crusade (1189-1192)

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Oct. 3, 1187, Jerusalem was taken by Saladin, and Gregory VIII. preached a new crusade. Frederic Barbarossa of Germany, Phillippe Auguste of France, and Richard I. (Coeur-de--Leon) of England, followed the summons; and all Christendom paid the Saladin tithe to support the undertaking. Frederic Barbarossa forced his way through Asia Minor, but was drowned in the Kalykadnus (.July 10, 1190); and his army was much reduced when it reached Acre, led by his son, Frederic of Sua'bia. The French and English kings arrived by sea, splendidly equipped, and in full vigor; but the siege of the city was long, and cost, it is said, about three hundred thousand lives; and, immediately after its capture, Phillippe Auguste returned to France. Richard continued the contest, but rather as if it were only a chivalresque tournament between himself and Saladin; and the result was very meagre, - permission for the Christian pilgrims to visit Jerusalem. He left the Holy Land in 1192; but on his journey back to England he was captured by Duke Leopold of Austria, and sold to the emperor, Henry VI., who, to the great scandal of the whole Christian world, made a good bargain by exacting an immense ransom.

Philip Schaff, ed., A Religious Encyclopaedia or Dictionary of Biblical, Historical, Doctrinal, and Practical Theology, 3rd edn, Vol. 1. Toronto, New York & London: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1894. p.577.

Primary Sources

Book or monograph Helen J. Nicholson, The Chronicle of the Third Crusade: the Itinerarium Peregrinorum Et Gesta Regis Ricardi, new edn. Paperback - 422 pages new edition. Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2001. Pbk. ISBN: 0754605817.

Secondary Sources

Book or monograph Edbury: The Conquest of Jerusalem and the Third CrusadePeter W. Edbury, The Conquest of Jerusalem and the Third Crusade, new edn. Ashgate Publishing Limited, 1998. Pbk. ISBN: 1840146761. pp.206.
Book or monograph Madden: A Concise History of the CrusadesThomas F. Madden, A Concise History of the Crusades. Rowman and Littlefield Publishers Inc., 2000. Hbk. ISBN: 0847694291. pp.65-97.
Book or monograph Reston: Warriors of GodJames Reston, Warriors of God: Richard the Lionheart and Saladin in the Third Crusade. Anchor (UK), 2002. Pbk. ISBN: 0385495625. pp.400.

Related Subjects
1st Crusade | 2nd Crusade | 3rd Crusade | 4th Crusade | Children's Crusade | 5th Crusade | 6th Crusade | 7th Crusade

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